As more IT enterprises are adopting Agile/Scrum methodology, it might leave you wondering about the importance of a scrum team in achieving project goals. Usually, Scrum coaches and masters provide training to set up new scrum teams. However, introducing more people to the teams, putting them to work together and expect higher quality and faster output isn’t always realistic.

Before taking the plunge of setting up a Scrum team, its ideal for you to understand the Scrum process and its benefits and how your team develops across each phase.

What is the Scrum Team methodology?

Scrum is a framework or a project management methodology that helps in self-organizing teams with the goal of delivering business value. Additionally, Scrum helps teams to work together while managing and playing on each other’s strengths for continuous improvement.

The Tuckman Model of team development

Significantly, many managers, leaders, and team members have leveraged their corporate group setting activity with the help of the Tuckman model. While the model focusses on team growth at each defined stage, it also outlines your role as a leader in these stages. According to the Tuckman stages of Group Development, there are five phases that explain how small teams develop:

  1. Forming Phase:

This is the first stage of team development. In this stage, you focus more on people and less on work. Similar to an orientation day, the Scrum team is fresh and quite excited as they start resonating with their presence. Wherein the sense of being part of the team hasn’t developed yet, thereupon, it is the group that starts familiarizing themselves.

During this stage, you focus on

  • Initial roles and responsibilities
  • Tasks at hand
  • Timeline and expectations
  • Project goals

Role of the Scrum Master

Here, the best role of the Scrum Master or Coach is that of a teacher. But as a teacher, you play a dominant role in providing clarity on individual roles and responsibilities. Besides, you define the purpose, objectives and project relationships.

  1. Storming Phase

Ever reached a point wherein a decision of a team member annoys you?

Here, it all starts with conflict between the team members about their respective working styles. In this phase people who have just became comfortable knowing each other start pushing the boundaries. For example, a team member may challenge your authority. Rather than getting into personality clash, it’s better to resolve them early on. This may demand compromises to enable progress.

Role of the Scrum Master

The best role of the Scrum Master is that of a coach. That is to say, rather than resolving conflicts you help them to identify them and address the challenges themselves.

  1. Norming Phase

In this phase, you come to a point wherein you start noticing and appreciating your team member’s strengths. In due time, groups start working as a cohesive unit. Sooner or later, you find that the team is agreeing to the norms that the team has established. Moreover, as teams mingle, discussions become more task-oriented. As a result, it gets easier for team members to address challenges.

Role of the Scrum Master

At this instant, the Scrum Master takes over the role of mentor. In effect, you make changes in priorities and goals, to boost productivity without pushing them back to the storming stage.

  1. Performing Phase:

Now that there’s collaborative teamwork, your team knows what priority is and whatnot. At this instant, your team is motivated to work together constructively. Owing to the flexible nature of work, self-organization takes over. While your team member is ready to take stakes outside the comfort zone, disruption gradually minimizes in the group.

Role of the Scrum Master

At this instant, the Scrum Master takes over the role of adviser. Now you can proudly pat yourself on the back. As can be seen, your team is competent enough to deal with a problem constructively. Now, help your team to find the best solutions and attain their goals.

  1. Adjourning Phase

Also known as mourning, in this phase as the teams get dissolved or disbanded after goals have been reached. Isn’t it painful if you have long-running teams that are closely bonded with shared vision end up dismissed? Eventually, the workload is diminished and the team ends. This is followed by ceremonial events to bid farewell to the team.

Role of the Scrum Master

Here the Scrum Master plays the role of facilitator. Definitely, this is an opportunity for you to let your team express their emotions associated with departures while you help them make sense out of it.

Is your Scrum team ready to move to another phase of team development? If you are still thinking about how to kickstart an agile and scrum team, these 10 simple tips can get you started:

  1. Block your time for kick-start Scrum training

Team effectiveness, by and large, depends on the way you kick start your team. With this in mind reserve 2-3 days for a kickstart. Start with the Scrum training journey at a fixed time. At the same time, encourage the team members to spur discussions and debates as part of the storming phase. For example:

The first day: Brush-up the Scrum principles

The second day: Focus on team building

The third day: Set-up products vision, backlog, and sprints

  1. Being acquainted is half the work done

Whether your team members are new or you came across a former acquaintance, spending casual time and moments with your team is definitely a big payoff. This will help you not only visualize their strengths but also getting people break their comfort zone. In fact, you can achieve a lot of attention through fun engagement activities wherein people don’t hesitate to participate. Rather, such exercises lighten and brighten up the entire scrum session where they feel inviting.

  1. Scrum training

It is a good idea to start with scrum training for people who are entirely new to scrum. Particularly this is true of the novice that needs to know how exactly the scrum works. Those who are enlightened can also throw open-ended questions or prepare a pitch that explains “what’s in it for me?” All in all, scrum training being highly interactive presents ample room for engagement through exercises, games, and discussions.

  1. Define a team vision

Are you overlooking the vision statement of the scrum team?

Once you form the Scrum team, it is extremely crucial to develop a clear understanding of the scrum team vision. Obviously, this is based on where the team should be heading to. When it comes to executing the product and sprint backlog items, it’s the team vision that will inspire them to meet its objective.

  1. Set Scrum team expectations

So, you have already set-up the scrum team? Fantastic!

While it’s not enough to form a team until the best team can make informed decisions together. Start with establishing individual team members’ expectations. Clearly, there might be problems when the team starts off initially with longer sprints. For example, 4 weeks. But, that’s okay.

Try not to take that long. Instead, bring it down to 2 weeks later. But difficulties during then first sprints are actually tough. Once the team hits the performance phase, hitting productivity level, functional and quality expectations are met.

Want to know more about the challenges of the Scrum team and ways to resolve them? Contact us today and learn the best practices and insights.